Some interventions are providing information and motivating individuals to modify their behaviors. Other interventions are modifying environmental forces through social policies. There is a tension between empowering individuals to manage their weight through diet and exercise and blaming them for failure to do so. Environments differ in their health-promoting resources; for example, poorer communities have fewer supermarkets, more fast-food outlets, and fewer accessible and safe recreational opportunities. A social justice perspective facilitates a synthesis of both models. The concept of ‘œbehavioral justice’ convey the principle that individuals are responsible for engaging in health-promoting behaviors but should be held accountable only when they have adequate resources to do so. This perspective maintains both individuals’ control and accountability for behaviors and society’s responsibility to provide health-promoting environments.

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